International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research

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International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research


Information and Communication Technology Usage in an Academic Environment: Challenges at Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia-State, Nigeria

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Author(s) Leo, O.Obinna, G.O Chukwu , Sunny, O. Eyeh
On Pages 301-307
Volume No. 3
Issue No. 12
Issue Date December, 2013
Publishing Date December, 2013
Keywords ICT Usage; Challenges, MOUAU, Nigeria


Abstract


The use of computers has reduced the world to a globalized village. Therefore, the challenges in the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Nigerian University system was assessed using Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, (MOUA), Nigeria as a case study. A sample size of 400 respondents was used. The respondents were purposively and randomly selected through a multi-stage sampling technique. Primary data were generated through structured questionnaire and participant observation. Data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that 75 % of the respondents were married, 62.5 and 37.5 % were males and females, respectively. About 87.5 % of the respondents were within the age range of 18-56 years. Majority (50 %) of the respondents were academic staff, while 25 % each represented non-academic staff and students, respectively, and 90 % of the respondents were computer literate. However, only 62.5 % owned personal computers. Mobile phones, computer services and over head projectors ranked 1st, 2nd and 3rd, respectively, among the 13 perceived ICT-based facilities available in the university. The knowledge level of the respondents was significant in the use of mobile phones, computer operation, internet browsing, social-network, interactive white board, e-learning and video-conferencing. Results showed that 75.0 % of the respondents identified lack of power, poor connectivity and low bandwidth as the most limiting factors towards access and use of ICT based facilities in MOUAU. Installation of solar inverters as a source of energy back up, up grading of bandwidth, encouragement of staff to own personal computers through staff cooperatives, and awareness campaign on the importance of computers in a university environment like MOUAU are recommended to enable the staff and students participate effectively in activities in the globalized village.

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