Effect of Gender on Access and Ownership of Farmland for Cassava Production in Abia State, Nigeria
|Author(s)||Onuoha. L U., Onumadu F.N.|
|Issue Date||January, 2015|
|Publishing Date||January, 2015|
|Keywords||Effect, Gender, Cassava, Ownership, Farmland, Production|
The study analyzed gender access and ownership of farm land for cassava production in Abia state. The specific objectives were to describe the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, identify the land ownership structure for cassava production, and determine the cultural factors influencing access to cassava farmland. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select 109 males and 109 female giving a sample size of 218 respondents. Data for the study were collected with pre- tested questionnaire, and scheduled interview. Data generated were analyzed using frequency counts, mean, percentages, while inferential statistics such as probit regression analysis and z-test were used in analyzing the data. The result shows that a large number of the male 100.0%, reported that the prevalent method of land ownership system in the study were through inheritance, purchase and lease while majority of the female 75.5% reported that the prevalent method of land ownership system in the study area were through sharecropping, purchase and lease. On the bases of cultural factors that affected access to land the community decides who owns a land and that men own the land to the disadvantage of the women. it was also observed that men mostly decide on the piece of land to be cultivated, with majority 69.7% and 51.4% of both male and female respectively agreeing while 30.3% and 39.4% says the decision is deliberated by both parties on the piece of land to be cultivated. The test of hypotheses shows the social economics characteristics of the female respondents such as marital status, education, farm size, income and access to credit were found to be highly significant with land ownership system at 1% (***) level. While for the male age, education, household size, farm size, income, and access to credit were also found to be highly significant with land ownership system at 1 % (***) significant level. The study recommended among others that the government should institute a micro-credit scheme with little or no interest rate targeted mainly at the women groups that are into full time farming for the purchase and leasing of farmland and other agro input since it has been severally observed that women are the major producers of cassava despite their disadvantage nature in inherited land.