International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research

International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research>> Call for Papers(CFP)>>Volume 7, Number 9, September 2017

International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Research


National Broadband Strategies and Policies: An Analysis of Technical Considerations for Developing Countries

Full Text Pdf Pdf
Author(s) Gilbert Barasa Mugeni, Gregory Wabuke Wanyembi, Joseph Muliaro Wafula
On Pages 753-759
Volume No. 2
Issue No. 10
Issue Date October, 2012
Publishing Date October, 2012
Keywords Broadband, Broadband Policy, Broadband Strategy, ICT, Developing countries.



Abstract

A number of countries have developed national broadband strategies and policies with a view to the realisation of an all inclusive information society for socio-economic benefits associated with broadband. Recent research points to the appalling broadband penetration rates in developing countries, more so in Africa where individual broadband penetration rates are below two per cent. The funding of broadband and ICT services in general in some of these countries is both fragmented and un-coordinated with every Government ministry or department implementing their own internal plans and often with no co-ordination between Government and other stakeholders. National broadband strategies and policies are therefore vital for developing countries to create a uniform, integrated, homogeneous and coordinated approach on the roll-out , optimal utilisation, and adoption of broadband. National broadband strategies and policies would generally aim at the provisioning of affordable, universal access to broadband infrastructure, and also focus on the building of the information society. A number of important aspects distinguish national broadband strategies and policies tailored for the developed economies and those for developing countries. First is the view of broadband as an ecosystem that includes its networks, the services that the networks carry, the applications they deliver, and users. Secondly, the need for Governments and ICT regulators to move beyond their traditional push role focused on broadband supply-side efforts and look at the demand side, users and applications to develop complete broadband policies or strategies. Also, unlike most developed countries which relied on fixed broadband while developing their broadband strategies, there is growing access to broadband by mobile and nomadic devices in developing countries. Finally, because of socio-economic, demographic and technological adoption differences between developed and developing countries, national broadband strategies or policies developed for developed countries may not necessarily find direct application in developing countries. It is in this context that this paper3 reviews the technical considerations for national broadband strategies and policies for developing countries and finally outlines the recommendations towards the development of a national broadband strategy or policy for a developing economy.

Seperator
    Journal of Information and Communication Technology | Journal of Science and Technology     
Copyrights
2012 IRPN Publishers